Here are four imperative things to know about diabetes
One of the most prevalent conditions in the world, diabetes is found to affect more than 30 million people in the country. In fact, a very large proportion of individuals are unaware that they have the disease. Diabetes is a medical issue that occurs when there is a rise in the blood glucose or the blood sugar. The blood glucose is contributed by the food that is consumed and serves as the main source of energy. The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. This hormone aids in transferring the glucose from the food into the cells to be used as a source of energy. When an individual suffers from diabetes, it is due to the lack of insulin production or the inability of the body to use the insulin efficiently. Thus, the glucose remains in the blood and cannot reach the cells effectively.
The prevalence of excess glucose in the blood over a prolonged period leads to the development of severe health issues, including diabetes. The level of seriousness with diabetes can differ from one individual to another, however, it is essential to manage it well to stay healthy. Here are a few factors to understand about diabetes and how it can impact one’s wellbeing.
Which are the different types of diabetes that patients suffer from?
Diabetes may be seen in three common types and they include:
- Type 1 diabetes: Under Type 1 diabetes, the body does not normally make insulin. This malfunction is caused due to the destruction of the insulin-making cells in the pancreas, by the immune system. Typically, Type 1 diabetes is developed in young adults and kids. However, it can appear at any age.
- Type 2 diabetes: In case of Type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to make enough or use insulin. This is the most common type of diabetes suffered by people. While this type of diabetes is commonly seen among older individuals, it can appear in children too.
- Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes is one that develops among women who are pregnant. Women who have suffered from this type of diabetes face a greater risk of suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
If an individual experiences any symptom of diabetes, it is critical to visit the doctor. Some individuals may not see any symptoms but may be at a risk of suffering from the condition. The physician will diagnose diabetes through a blood test. The blood tests enable one to detect the level of blood glucose or blood sugar present in the blood. If the blood sugar is above normal levels, one is diagnosed with diabetes. An early diagnosis will prevent further damage and prevent long-term complications.
What are the treatment methods employed for diabetes?
To prevent further complications, the main aim of diabetes treatment is to control the blood sugar levels within the normal levels. Factors such as the health status of the patient, the side effects of the medication and medical-compliance issue are closely considered when administering the right treatment methods.
- Medication: Medications are a common treatment form used for diabetes. Insulin is one of the most common medications. Every medication works in a unique way and the way in which they are administered can differ. While some are taken orally, others are injected into the blood.
- Nutritional meals: The doctor will work out a plan to set up a nutritional diet menu. A healthy dose of fats, proteins and carbohydrates will keep the blood sugar levels in check.
- Exercise: An imperative part of the treatment method includes exercise. Exercising ensures that the insulin level is regulated. It also prevents the risk of a heart attack and improves the circulation of blood.
How one can effectively manage diabetes?
Apart from the medications, it is essential to manage the condition by making certain lifestyle changes. Patients with diabetes must establish a healthy routine by waking up early, undertaking physical activity and following the right eating habits. The consumption of junk food must be restricted, while regular monitoring of sugar levels is integral. Family support is essential in helping the patient lead a healthy lifestyle, while managing diabetes.
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